This study was funded by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (SFRH/BPD/34932/2007, PTDC/MAR/099391/2008), NOAA Ecological Forecasting (NA04NOS4780264), NASA (NNX07AF20G, NNX11AP77G) and NSF (OCE1039513, OCE1129401). Please click HERE for more information on these programs.

CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos from the University of Porto and the Department of Biological Sciences of the University of South Carolina provided laboratorial space and computer facilities.

 
  We are thankful to Nuno Queiroz, Pedro Tarroso, Sally A. Woodin, Thomas J. Hilbish, António M. Santos and Bernardo Broitman for constructive comments that resulted in major improvements.